Electron. J. Diff. Equ., Vol. 2016 (2016), No. 101, pp. 1-10.

On the so called rogue waves in nonlinear Schrodinger equations

Y. Charles Li

The mechanism of a rogue water wave is still unknown. One popular conjecture is that the Peregrine wave solution of the nonlinear Schrodinger equation (NLS) provides a mechanism. A Peregrine wave solution can be obtained by taking the infinite spatial period limit to the homoclinic solutions. In this article, from the perspective of the phase space structure of these homoclinic orbits in the infinite dimensional phase space where the NLS defines a dynamical system, we examine the observability of these homoclinic orbits (and their approximations). Our conclusion is that these approximate homoclinic orbits are the most observable solutions, and they should correspond to the most common deep ocean waves rather than the rare rogue waves. We also discuss other possibilities for the mechanism of a rogue wave: rough dependence on initial data or finite time blow up.

Submitted March 26, 2016. Published April 19, 2016.
Math Subject Classifications: 76B15, 35Q55.
Key Words: Rogue water waves; homoclinic orbits; Peregrine wave; rough dependence on initial data; finite time blowup.

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Y. Charles Li
Department of Mathematics
University of Missouri
Columbia, MO 65211, USA
email: liyan@missouri.edu

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