Tenth MSU Conference on Differential Equations and Computational Simulations.
Electron. J. Diff. Eqns., Conference 23 (2016), pp. 197212.
Qualitative analysis of a mathematical model for malaria transmission
and its variation
Zhenbu Zhang, Tor A. Kwembe
Abstract:
In this article we consider a mathematical model of malaria transmission.
We investigate both a reduced model which corresponds to the situation when
the infected mosquito population equilibrates much faster than the human
population and the full model. We prove that when the basic reproduction
number is less than one, the diseasefree equilibrium is the only equilibrium
and it is locally asymptotically stable and if the reproduction number is
greater than one, the diseasefree equilibrium becomes unstable and an endemic
equilibrium emerges and it is asymptotically stable. We also prove that,
when the reproduction number is greater than one, there is a minimum wave
speed
such that a traveling wave solution exists only if the wave
speed c satisfies
.
Finally, we investigate the relationship
between spreading speed and diffusion coefficients. Our results show that
the movements of mosquito population and human population will speed up the
spread of the disease.
Published March 21, 2016.
Math Subject Classifications: 35C07, 35K51, 35K58, 35Q92.
Key Words: Malaria; equilibrium; stability; traveling waves; spreading speed.
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Zhenbu Zhang
Department of Mathematics and Statistical Sciences
Jackson State University
Jackson, MS 39217, USA
email: zhenbu.zhang@jsums.edu


Tor A. Kwembe
Department of Mathematics and Statistical Sciences
Jackson State University
Jackson, MS 39217, USA
email: tor.a.kwembe@jsums.edu

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